Air strikes at Dintelsas refuge
The municipality of Dinteloord and Prinsenland has been severely affected by the effects of the air war. The refuge, in particular, regularly became the target of air strikes and shelling with on-board weapons, the so-called punishment. In particular file no. 3744 from the municipal archive, the air attacks on the territory of Dinteloord are extensively discussed.
In a police monthly report for the period from 15/09/1943 to 14/10/1943, the following was stated: “The supply of beets is made very difficult, because ships in the Volkerak are regularly shot at by aircraft. On 4 October 1943 a ship was shot at, which was located in front of the factory before the coal was unloaded. 3 people were seriously injured and 2 people were slightly injured "11. The mentioned factory was the sugar factory. Subsequently, it can be said that not one, but two ships, named Fidusia and Dana Adriana, were attacked by four British aircraft on the Mark near the sugar factory.12 This air attack is therefore not directly relevant in the context of the investigation , because the sugar factory is directly adjacent to Stampersgat;
On 18-10-1943, seven to eight British airborne aircraft carried out attacks on ships in the Volkerak and the refuge. One ship sank, eight ships were more or less seriously damaged. Five people were slightly injured.
On 13-11-1943 British aircraft fired on a ship that was on the Dintelsas. One person was injured as a result of this air raid.
On 30-11-1943 a tugboat in the Volkerak was sunk by allied aircraft.
Schepen On 29-02-1944 ships were shot at in the port of Dintelsas. One civilian was killed, two others were injured. In regional literature, the following is mentioned about the air raid in question: “English hunters fired on Dintelsas (Dinteloord) on February 29, 1944, the motor scavenger Zeelandia by Cornelis Abel Dane from Sint-Annaland. The skipper was fatally hit, his wife remained unharmed. Brother-in-law Adrie Scherpenisse - who was on board too - got off well, although the caps were shot off his clogs. " German reports spoke of a Spitfire attack on the port of Dintelsas at 1:25 pm. A Flak soldier and two civilians were injured, a navy ship was damaged
On 25-08-1944 a bomb exploded in the built-up area of Dinteloord.
The acting mayor of Dinteloord reported on 04-09-1945 that there were two ships in the harbor. These ships were sunk by the German Wehrmacht and were a hindrance in connection with the forthcoming beet campaign.
The other entries with regard to the (air) war are very diverse. The overview below contains a selection of the large amount of data found:
storm In one of the outer dikes of Dinteloord, a large hole was hit by a storm on 08-04-1943. The hole was repaired with the cooperation of the Wehrmacht.
On 04-11-1944 a bombing and aircraft shelling took place on the territory of the municipality of Dinteloord, with the result that several civilians were killed. 19 In connection with that statement, it may be stated that, as a result of the bombing that took place on 04 and 05-11-1944, the post office of the Marechaussee was completely destroyed.
On 24-02-1945 the acting mayor of Dinteloord reported as follows: “De wnd. Mayor of Dinteloord hereby again warns residents against the urgency of having to stay in the open air during grenade fire. He also emphasizes the great danger of triggering the anti-aircraft guns. It often happens that blind people or grenade splinters end up in this municipality. During shooting, it is therefore necessary to seek cover. People do not stand in open doors or in front of windows. Restrain your curiosity! ”This quotation shows that the residents were still frightened of falling grenades months after the liberation;
In a letter dated 22-10-1946, the mayor of the municipality of Dinteloord spoke about: "the severely affected municipality of Dinteloord". Among other things, the buildings of the sugar factory and buildings on the Havenweg had suffered war damage.
A list of ammunition, projectiles dated 11-12-1944 etc. speaks volumes about the quantities of ammunition that were present in the municipality of Dinteloord after the war: dozens of landmines, mortars, hand grenades and armored fists, boxes with cartridges, grenades, blind people, some bombs and a "rocket bomb". There were mines on a 16-hectare plot at Dintelsas, and there was ammunition near the church. In addition, there was damage as a result of shelling. The town hall was damaged by bombs, grenade fire and guns. In the built-up area, the street deck was damaged in almost all streets by bomb hits and / or grenade fire. Two of the three bridges were damaged and four bombs had exploded in the harbor, in combination with the fact that two ships had been blown up, the harbor walls were seriously damaged. Holes were blown in ten places. After a sunken boat barge was lifted in Dintelsas in 1945, it turned out that the vessel contained a "bomb" and 30 boxes of ammunition. There was a lot of ammunition on the dike along the refuge.
A card with the allied positions. Right above the refuge of Dinteloord
In the mark, mines were dropped by allies with the intention of stopping the enemy's ships in the march to Breda. This was in October 1940.
reports squadrons bombing Dinteloord.
Vermelding Operations Record Book No. 332 (Norwegian) Squadron d.d. 26-09-1944 (The National Archives-UK, Air 27/1729):
“The Squadron took off at 11.45 hrs., on bombing, led by Major Ryg. No enemy opposition of any kind. 11 x 500 LB.s – 0.25 G.P. dropped. 9.000/3.000 ft. 1 near miss ship 2.000 Tons in harbour Oranjeoord D.6745. 2 in T/A remainder outside. Information: - 1 vessel believed 2.000 Tons & 6 barges in harbour Oranjeoord D 6745. At 12.45 hrs. all a/cs were safely returned to base. Weather was 3-4/1ohts. Cumulus 3/6.000 ft. Visibility good.”[ N.B. Oranjeoord ligt ten noordoosten van Heijningen. De enige haven in deze regio is de vluchthaven van Dintelsas, de coördinaat die wordt genoemd valt op de betreffende haven];
“11 x 500 LBS 025 dropped. 1 near miss Ship. 2 in T/A. remainder outside.”;
Vermelding Operational History 146 Wing d.d. 28-09-1944:
“257 Squadron attacked two very large barges at the mouth of the Dintel Mark river and left one sinking and the other well on fire. They also observed and reported a 2,000 ton ship.”;
“257 Squadron returned to their 2,000 ton ship, and after firing 32 rockets into it, they saw a flash, a ball of smoke and flames. Four barges near, were straffed and strikes claimed. A ship of approximately 700 tons was also seen. The barge claimed sinking on the previous attack was definitely seen sinking.”;
Vermelding Operations Record Book No. 302 (Polish) Squadron d.d. 03-11-1944 (The National Archives-UK):
“12 x 500 and 24 x 250 lb bombs were dropped on alternative target at D.6743, all bombs falling in the village. Flak encountered at E1656 and D6745 being beagre heavy
De slag om de schelde
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